Current Eu Withdrawal Agreement

On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. On 22 October, the British Parliament agreed to review the Brexit Act. But she decided it took longer than the British Prime Minister had proposed. This means that it is no longer possible to withdraw with an agreement on the planned date of Brexit, 31 October. The Brexit deal will not come into force until the Brexit law is passed by the British Parliament. The other 27 EU member states are ready to authorise the Report in the UK (the UK is due to leave the EU on 29 March 2019). If the UK Parliament approves the withdrawal agreement by 29 March, Brexit will be delayed until 22 May to allow time to pass the necessary legislation. If the British Parliament does not approve the deal by then, Brexit will be delayed until 12 April. If, at the end of the transition period, the EU and the UK fail to reach an agreement on their future relations guaranteeing the absence of a border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the “backstop of Northern Ireland” will come into force. In this case, Northern Ireland will be part of the UK customs territory, but it will be aligned with a limited set of EU rules, particularly with regard to goods.

Trade in goods is affected. There will be regulatory controls on goods taking place at the UK`s entry into Northern Ireland and not through the land border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. In addition, the United Kingdom will apply tariffs to the United Kingdom on products from third countries as long as goods imported with Deminland are threatened with entering the EU internal market. This applies equally to goods arriving from Great Britain to Northern Ireland or directly to Northern Ireland. However, the UK will apply EU tariffs to products that are at risk of entering the internal market. This is, of course, an extremely complex issue, because at the moment we do not fully understand how the question of the risk of entry into the internal market is defined or what measures the UK will take to enforce EU tariffs in this case and what could happen if the goods actually remained in Northern Ireland. Under the agreement, a joint EU-UK committee will further uncover these issues at a later stage. However, trade in services with the EU must be governed by WTO rules. Under WTO rules, the specific impact for businesses will vary depending on the sector in which they operate. There will be no change in some sectors, while in other (generally highly regulated) sectors there will be additional requirements and standards and even a ban on the provision of certain services between the EU and the UK. EU leaders approve the postponement of the date of Brexit to 31 January 2020, or earlier, if the UK and European parliaments approve the withdrawal deal by then. On the issue of the Irish border, there is a protocol on Northern Ireland (the “backstop”) which is attached to the agreement and establishes a position of withdrawal which will only come into force in the absence of effective alternative provisions before the expiry of the transition period.